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The answer is depending on what your skin really needs. 

Serum is highly concentrated treatment used to address various skin concern. If you don’t have any specific skin concern, then you don’t need serum. Normally, serum can penetrate into the deeper layer of the skin because of its smaller molecule. 

There are many varieties of serums in the market. Serum should be applied on cleansed skin and before moisturiser. Here is the ultimate serum guide;

Skin concerns: Hyperpigmentation, Fine Lines/Wrinkle, Acne Prone/Oily, Dryness

We recommend our Vital B Elixir because it is packed with 5% Niacinamide, 2% Panthenol, Hyaluronic Acid and salicylic acid. Salicylic acid in our vital B serum is less than 2% , meaning it

  • Niacinamide 

Niacinamide has potent antioxidant activities. According to studies, It can reduce transpidermal water loss and also increase synthesis of ceramides (protect skin protective barrier). Study also suggested that 5% niacinamide significantly decreased hyperpigmentation. Niacinamide can also improve your skin texture and severe acne condition. 

  • Panthenol

According to clinical trials, Panthenol containing formulation can reduce transpidermal water loss after 30 days of applications. It attracts moisture and bind water into the skin, giving it moisturising and hydrating effects. Panthenol is quickly absorbed by skin and has anti-inflammatory properties. 

  • Calendula Officinalis Flower Extract 

It has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity which contributes to facilitate wound healing and free radical scavenging activity.

  • Arnica Montana Flower 

It is widely used to treat various skin treatment due to its anti-inflammatory activities.  It is also known for its ability to rejuvenate skin. 

  • Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluronic acid is humectant and has ability to hold water onto the surface of your skin. However, it has larger molecule therefore it will only provide hydration on surface level as it won’t be able to penetrate deep into your skin. Few studies showed that it has wound healing properties

  • Salicylic Acid 

Salicylic acid has ability to penetrate into your deeper skin to break down excess oil and dead skin cells. It helps to treat and clear acne. Salicylic acid in this serum is lower than 0.5% which will no be irritated.

Skin Concern: Anti Aging, Hyperpigmentation, Fine Lines/Wrinkle, Dullness, Acne Prone/Oily, Dryness

We recommend our Vital A Elixir, it contains 0,4% retinol and salicilyc acid and panax ginseng 

  • Kakadu plum

Kakadu plum as a native Australian fruit has the highest source of concentrated vitamin C. It has antioxidant properties which attributes to its ability to brightens skin complexion, reduce hyperpigmentation and protect skin against free radical damage.

  • Quandong 

Another native Australian fruit that provide hydration, rejuvenate your skin and protects skin against free radical damage.

  • Panax Ginseng Root

It is well known ingredients to rejuvenate your skin due to its anti-ageing benefits. Some studies found that ginseng has ability to increase collagen production in the skin. It also inhibit melanin production, meaning it protects your skin from hyperpigmentation and brighten your skin complexion.

  • Panthenol

According to clinical trials, Panthenol containing formulation can reduce transpidermal water loss after 30 days of applications. It attracts moisture and bind water into the skin, giving it moisturising and hydrating effects. Panthenol is quickly absorbed by skin and has anti-inflammatory properties. 

  • Squalane

Squalane boosts skin hydration and acts as antioxidant to protect your skin from free radical damage. 

  • Salicylic Acid 

Salicylic acid has ability to penetrate into your deeper skin to break down excess oil and dead skin cells. It helps to treat and clear acne. Salicylic acid in this serum is lower than 0.5% which will no be irritated if using with Retinol.

  • Retinol

Retinol is star ingredients in skincare products. There are many research conducted for retinol, It stimulates collagen production and cell turnover. It smooths  and prevents fine line & wrinkle. It also brighthen skin complexion, even out skin tone, and reduce acne. However, retinol is sensitive to sun hence it is advisable to use it at night. You also need to wear sunscreen everyday because it makes your skin more sensitive to sun. 

  • Bisabolol

It has anti-inflammatory, soothing, anti-aging and anti-irritant properties. Bisabolol has ability to enhance the penetration of other skincare ingredients. 

  • Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluronic acid is humectant and has ability to hold water onto the surface of your skin. However, it has larger molecule therefore it will only provide hydration on surface level as it won’t be able to penetrate deep into your skin. Few studies showed that it has wound healing properties

At BUMI SKIN, we want to create mindful skincare for everyone with naturally derived ingredients. We focus on creating potent multitasking products to address skin concerns. It’s never been easier to have healthy skin.